There are approximately 27 endemic species of wildlife in Galapagos.
ENDEMIC REPTILES OF GALAPAGOS
The most famous reptiles of the Galapagos Islands are the Giant tortoises. With 14 subspecies, of which 3 are extinct, these amazing reptiles can sometimes weight up to 250 kg. The Pacific green sea turtle is the only marine turtle, endemic to the Galapagos. Another endemic reptilian species are the iguanas. The marine iguana, the Santa Fe land iguana and the Galapagos land iguana are all endemic to the region.
MAMMALS OF GALAPAGOS
There are just 2 species of seals, two species of bats and two species of rice rats. The Galapagos sea lion and the Galapagos fur seal are a treat to see, while a cruise around the islands will introduce you to schools of whales and dolphins that swim in and around the region.
ENDEMIC BIRDS OF GALAPAGOS
Of the 58 species of birds in the Galapagos Islands 28 of them are endemic, and another 30 are migratory birds that come here during colder climates from the northern hemisphere. Perhaps the most famous of the Galapagos’ bird residents are the Darwin’s finches, of which there are 13 species found here including; the large cactus finch, the warbler finch, the mangrove finch, and the woodpecker finch. 5 species of figatebirds exist in the world, two of which inhabit the Galapagos: the Great Frigatebird and the Magnificent Frigatebird.
Some other endemic birds include the Galapagos hawk, the large billed Galapagos flycatcher, the Galapagos mockingbird, the yellow warbler, the dark-billed cuckoo, the flightless cormorant, the Galapagos penguin, the waved albatross, the red-billed tropicbird, the swallow-tailed gull, the lava gull, the brown pelican, storm petrels and the lava heron. Although not endemic, Boobies are a common sight in the Galapagos as well.
ENDEMIC FISH OF GALAPAGOS
Of over 400 species of fish 50 are endemic and offer some amazing snorkeling or scuba diving adventures. Aside from the blue-eyed damselfish, the Moorish idols, the hieroglyphic hawkfish and the white banded angelfish, some other endemic fish here include the Galapagos shark, the white-tipped reef shark, stingrays, and the mustard ray.